Archive for the ‘What Is’ Category

Pancreatitis means inflammation of the pancreas that can appear in two very different ways. Acute pancreatitis is sudden while chronic pancreatitis is recurring or persistent. Some cases of pancreatitis may be mild and go away on their own and do not require treatment. However, severe cases can lead to potentially fatal complications. Acute pancreatitis is uncommon. According to the National Health Service (NHS), UK, less than 1 in every 100,000 people develops acute pancreatitis each year. It is slightly more […]

The yips refer to a very real physical condition called focal dystonia. Dystonia is a neurologic disorder characterized by involuntary movements or spasms of small muscles. In focal hand dystonia, the fingers either curl into the palm or extend outward without control. According to Medilexicon’s medical dictionary: Dystonia is a general term describing a variety of musculoskeletal problems resulting from overuse or repetitive stress, particularly applied to the fine muscle problems encountered by professional musicians. In golf, putting requires precision […]

A human with an infection has another organism inside them which gets its sustenance (nourishment) from that person, it colonizes that person and reproduces inside them. The human with that organism (germ) inside is called the host, while the germ or pathogen is referred to as a parasitic organism. Another name for an organism that causes infection is an infectious agent. It is only an infection if the colonization harms the host. It uses the host to feed on and […]

A fracture, also referred to as a bone fracture, FRX, FX, Fx or # is a medical condition where the continuity of the bone is broke. A significant percentage of bone fractures occur because of high force impact or stress; however, a fracture may also be the result of some medical conditions which weaken the bones, for example osteoporosis, some cancers or osteogeneris imperfecta. A fracture caused by a medical condition is known as a pathological fracture. The word break […]

Vocal cord paresis, also known as vocal cord paralysis is the inability of one or both vocal cords (vocal folds) to move. It can greatly impact on the daily life of the sufferer, including employment, choice of job, social interactions and leisure time activities. The damage is caused by damage to nerves going to the vocal cord – the nerve impulses in the larynx (voice box) are interrupted, resulting in paralysis of the vocal cord muscles. It can also be […]

Dupuytren’s contracture, also referred to as morbus Dupuytren, Dupuytren’s disease, or palmar fibromatosis occurs when fibrous tissue in the hand thickens and shortens, specifically the palm of the hand. The fingers bend towards the hand and cannot be completely stretched out (fully extended). The fourth and fifth digits (ring finger and small finger) are most commonly affected. Meaning of contracture – abnormal shortening of tissue, making it highly resistant to stretching. Dupuytren’s contracture is named after the French surgeon, Baron […]

Listeriosis is an illness that arises from infection caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. Listeriosis has a very low incidence in humans. However, pregnant women are much more likely than the rest of the population to contract it. Infection in a pregnant woman can lead to early delivery, infection of the newborn, and death of the baby. According to Medilexicon’s medical dictionary: Listeriosis A sporadic disease of animals and humans, particularly those who are immunocompromised or […]

Eythema infectiosum is also known as parvovirus infection, slapped cheek disease, or fifth disease. It is a disease caused by the parvovirus B19 and includes such symptoms as low-grade fever, tiredness, rash on the cheeks (hence “slapped cheek”), and also a rash all over the person’s body. It is also called fifth disease because it used to be 5th among a common group of childhood diseases with similar rashes – after measles, rubella (German measles), scarlet fever and Dukes’ disease. […]

Syphilis is one type of sexually transmitted disease. Syphilis is the result of a bacterial infection of the genital tract by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilis is passed from one person to another during direct sexual contact with a syphilis lesion that involves vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Syphilis can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy and result in stillbirth or serious birth defects. According to Medilexicon’s medical dictionary: Syphilis is an acute and […]

The medical term for fainting is syncope. Fainting is a sudden loss of consciousness, usually temporary and typically caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain. The brain oxygen deprivation has many possible causes, including hypotension (low blood pressure). The following words or phrasal expressions also mean to faint: to pass out, to black out, to fall unconscious, to fall in a faint. The verbs to come to and to come round mean to recover consciousness. Sometimes syncope may […]

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